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Abbey in Rizinice

Croatia, Solin-Klis

Abbey in Rizinice

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The first Benedictine monastery which was founded on the territory of Croatia, that we can confirm with certainty, was the monastery that was built in 852 by Duke Trpimir in Rižinice in Solin, not far from his court in Klis at the location of Rupotina, on the slope of the Kozjak hill. A fragment of an altar rail with the inscription pro duce Trepim[ero] serves as a witness for this event. The rootedness of the Benedictines and Benedictine culture in these areas is also evidenced by the inscription on the bronze door of the Montecassino Abbey church. The inscription lists the areas where the Benedictines left a deep mark, and Dalmatia is listed among them. The titular of the monastery was probably St. Peter.

One of the main researchers of the Benedictine tradition in Croatia, dr. Don Ivan Ostojić, states: «It could easily be that Trpimir dedicated the endowment near his court in Klis to St. Peter, because St. Peter was the patron saint of Croatia, because Peter was the name of his godfather, the archbishop of Split, and Trpimir’s son was called Peter, and perhaps a second, Christian name for Trpimir himself.» Trpimir was probably encouraged to build this monastery by a Benedictine called Gottschalk, who stayed at his court around 846.

Historian Don Lovre Katić writes about the founding of this monastery: «Probably under the influence of Gottschalk, Trpimir invited the Benedictines to his land, because in 852, in the charter donating Putalj (Sućurac) to the Split diocese, he boasts that he built a monastery and brought over a company of brothers (catervam fratrorum). In that charter, our national name (Terpimirus … dux Croatorum) is mentioned for the first time in history. Lo, a close connection between Croatian history and the Benedictines!» According to the customs of that time, it is very likely that Duke Trpimir himself, as well as the heirs from his line, was buried in this endowment of his.


Queen Jelena, wife of the Croatian king Mihael Krešimir II, had the church of St. Stephen built on Our Lady’s Island in Solin, and had a new mausoleum of Croatian rulers placed in the vestibule. And right next to that church, she had the larger church of St. Mary built. In the vestibule of Our Lady’s Church in 1898, archaeologist Don Frane Bulić found the remains of the sarcophagus in which the Croatian Queen Jelena was buried. Next to these churches there were also monastic buildings, so in scientific literature it is found that there was a separate monastery next to each of these churches, but according to relevant historical sources, this was a single monastic house in which the monks from Rižinice stayed, who in the mentioned churches performed various liturgical acts, meaning this was a kind of outpost of the Rižinica Abbey. The prevailing opinion was that these two churches were completely destroyed during the Turkish conquests, but according to recent research it was discovered that the walls of the church of St. Mary was repaired and roofed in the middle of the 17th century and was preserved in this condition until the second half of the 19th century.

Next to the Solin Basilica, where the papal legate Gebizon crowned Zvonimir as the Croatian king in 1075, the abbey of St. Peter and Moses gradually emerged. The monks who performed holy services there were Benedictines from neighbouring Rižinice. And from Rižinice, according to available historical sources, they gradually moved to this new abbey. Today, this locality is called the Hollow Church.



Información de la localidad

Abbey in Rizinice
Other monuments and places to visitAncient Salona: Manastirine, Kapljuč, Marusinac
Fortress of Klis
Split: Diocletian’s Palace
Natural Heritage
Historical Recreations
Festivals of Tourist Interest
Tourist Officesolin-info.com
Specialized Guides
Guided visits
BibliographyIvan Ostojić, Benediktinici u Hrvatskoj i ostalim našim krajevima, I-III, Split, 1963.
Ejnar Dyggve, History of Salonitan Christianity. Oslo—London 1951.
Ivan Ostojić, Koliko je benediktinskih opatija bila u Solinu za hrvatske dinastije, hrcak.srce.hr
Monument or place to visitAbbey of Rižinice
EpochIXth century
State of conservationOnly ruins, ground plan
Degree of legal protectionNational Historical Monument
Mailing address
Coordinates GPS43.5403°N 16.497°E
Property, dependency
Possibility of visits by the general public or only specialists
General public visits
Conservation needs
Visiting hours and conditions
Ticket amount
Research work in progress
Archaeological excavations and restoration and enhancement of the complex (last few years)
Signaling if it is registered on the route
Information websitessolin.hr