Saint Eugenios header-Origenes de Europa

Saint Eugenios

Turkey, Yenicuma (Trabzon)

Saint Eugenios

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The church of Saint Evgenios (Yeni Camii) of Trebizond is a magnificent church which once represented the center of the city’s ecclesiastic, ethnic and cultural life. When the Turks seized Trebizond in 1461, Sultan Mehmet II re-named it Yeni Cuma Camii (New Friday Mosque) because it was here that the conqueror performed his first Friday prayers. Heath Lowry states that Saint Eugenios functioned as a church until at least 1486.

There is some conjuncture as to when Saint Eugenios was built. George Finlay visited Saint Eugenious in 1850 and states that it was burnt in 1340 and was rebuilt by Emperor Alexios III. Xiphilinos and Lazaropoulos give some evidence towards a church or monastery of Saint Evgenios existing around the 9th or 10th century. Selina Ballance however postulates the following: «there was an early church on the site, and it was endowed in 1021/22. This church was still standing in 1223. Saint Eugenios was rebuilt as a basilica in 1291. Saint Eugenious was repaired and enlarged after 1340 by Alexios III».

The church housed the relics of Saint Eugenios and his counterparts; Canidius, Valerianus and Akylas in a silver urn which is located beside the right-hand beam of the temple – where the icon of Saint John Prodromos was located – and the south end of the church towards the arch of the southern apse. From all the treasures and jewels of the church, the only thing that has been saved is a religious manuscript which is housed at the church of Vatopedi in Ayion Oros, Greece. It has amazingly detailed Byzantine graphics. One of these is the cycle of the 12 months – a masterpiece of Byzantine art.


Monument or place to visitThe Church of St. Eugenious/ Yeni Cuma Camii
StyleLate Byzantine.
Epochc.13th century – present.
State of conservationGood condition.
Degree of legal protection
Mailing addressYenicuma, 61030 Trabzon Merkez/Trabzon
Coordinates GPS41°00′04″N 39°43′21″E
Property, dependency
Possibility of visits by the general public or only specialists
Accessible to public visitors.
Conservation needs
Visiting hours and conditions
Ticket amount
Research work in progress
AccessibilityIn order to reach to the complex, visitors can walk from the center for approximately 7-8 mins.
Signaling if it is registered on the route
William Miller, Trebizond: The last Greek Empire of the Byzantine Era: 1204-1461, Chicago: Argonaut, 1969.
Antonio Sagona, The Heritage of Eastern Turkey from Earliest Settlements to Islam, Macmillan, 2016
Anthony M. Bryer, The Byzantine Monuments and Topography of the Pontos, ACLS Humanities, 2009.
Information websitesacademia.edu
LocationYenicuma, 61030 Trabzon Merkez/Trabzon